A real estate professional in the New York City area, Shalom Lamm has carried out a large number of residential rehabilitation projects. When not at work, Shalom Lamm remains very involved with his Jewish community and is part of his local Chevra Kadisha, which means “sacred society.” The Chevra Kadisha is responsible for the proper burial of deceased bodies in the Jewish community.
Members of the Chevra Kadisha perform a ritual cleaning of bodies following death and keep them pure until the time for burial comes. The purification process is known as Tahara. The charge of members of the society is to treat the corpse with honor, gentleness, and reverence while recognizing the gravity of the situation. The society takes its role very seriously and will often ask for forgiveness from the deceased individual in the case that any task was not done properly.
According to traditional, members of the Chevra Kadisha fast on the seventh day of the Jewish month of Adar each year, which is the anniversary of the death of Moses. This fasting atones for any disrespect that might have been shown to the dead in the former years and is broken by a large feast.
Shalom Lamm is a New York real estate developer and long-time lecturer on military history and warfare ethics. A published author, Shalom Lamm also penned an article on warfare ethics for the Journal of International Studies.
The just war theory has been a controversial justification for warfare over the centuries, but in recent times there has been a push to include additional standards for its application.
The just war theory suggests that war isn’t always the worst option in a given set of circumstances. As such, it can be considered justified and indeed its effects managed through proper conduct. The two guiding criteria for a war to be considered just are traditionally the “right to go to war” which includes right intention and just cause, and the “right conduct in war” which includes things like a proportional response, necessity, etc.
However, it has become clear to some ethicists that an additional, consequentialist criterion should be included. That of justice after a conflict which would take into account the effects of a war once it has been concluded. This extra consideration would certainly alter the justice arithmetic in many conflicts and add a layer of complexity to an already byzantine subject.
Shalom Lamm is a highly experienced executive who specializes in the acquisition, financing, rehabilitation, and development of rentals and housing. Shalom Lamm also has a great interest in military history, which encouraged him to take a master’s degree in military studies from the American Military University.
In the simplest sense, military history is the study of the wars that have been fought, lost, and won throughout the history of the world. Whether fought with catapults, guns, or bots, wars have been major forces of change over the centuries. Military history aims to shed light on warfares and analyze its roots, immediate effects, and lingering effects.
The study of military history involves detailed operational studies. It requires looking at the impact of war in society as people know it today. It takes a look at how the wars of the past have led to the development of institutions and governments. It also studies the evolution of warfare technology. Ultimately, military history seeks to analyze how wars, as the biggest test of mankind, have shaped societies and individuals over time.